Look towards Halabja dialect try supported by a n
c) The newest eastern Jewish languages share multiple enjoys: biggest be concerned (1), transform regarding [Theta] to at least one (4), reinterpretation out-of verb group due to the fact contour (5), and you can reflexive pronouns predicated on nos- (17). Speaking of areal have and this span might divide ranging from Halabja towards the one-hand and Koy Sanjaq and you can Azerbaijan to your most other. It is not clear in which dialect all of them develop, however they are more than likely lent from one toward others and not handed down in common.
Such about three significant groups away from isoglosses show simply a tiny region of one’s proof which can be delivered to bear for the taxonomy of one’s NENA dialects. Hoberman (1988, 573), playing with proof of pronouns, reveals the presence of a northern Iraqi dialect classification (here illustrated because of the Zakho, Tisqopa, and Aradhin) which can not be observed on the basis of the limited research presented right here. All it takes now is both heavier meanings of your own languages already noted, so that more prevalent and you will pinpointing qualities can be found, while having field-work so you can number many languages being with the verge away from extinction.
1 Thank you are caused by people that discussed investigation and you will information, including Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and Jo Rubba. Elizabeth.H. summer stipend.
Instance, f and you can g had been retained in terms particularly etrog ‘citron’ and sefer ‘scroll of law’, where regarding the inherited Aramaic language f would have getting p and grams might have gone away
step 3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) says your speakers off Jewish Azerbaiaic off Kurdish. The https://www.datingranking.net/tr/blackpeoplemeet-inceleme woman no. 1 research because of it is the enunciation regarding Hebrew loan-terms in this dialect. Hebrew loanwords inside Jewish Azerbaijani maintain particular songs which were removed or matched with folks in the preferred Neo-Aramaic language. Garbell says why these retentions show why these Hebrew conditions was basically borrowed originally inside the Kurdish, which a small grouping of Kurdish speakers later moved on in order to Neo-Aramaic. It looks apt to be the Hebrew points about dialect don’t participate in the fresh voice changes in question on account of the fresh new unique spiritual sign in to which they belong. They could even have changed and then become recovered toward base of old-fashioned pronunciation of neighboring organizations.
cuatro A raised + demonstrates the next term was pronounced to the suprasegmental function ‘emphasis’ that is discover to some extent in most NENA dialects. Phonetically, focus is actually state-of-the-art, however, its primary component is actually velarization, and is usually triggered by the existence of the brand new emphatic consonants t and you will s.
seven From the dialect out-of Tyari [Theta] commonly will get s. This dialect, which was spoken ahead of 1915 from inside the a district out-of Hakkari, isn’t talked about right here given that product inside it are decreased.
8 This is not obvious if or not this form can be obtained in brand new Halabja dialect. My personal informants from there know it, however, said it actually was significantly more attribute of one’s nearby city of Suleimaniya. Whatever the case, it is unfamiliar on dialect of one’s Jews away from Sanandaj.
9 Robert Hoberman implies if you ask me that NENA variations get actually have originated in a keen unattested metathesized e[Theta]strip ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. During the Bono Homini Donum: Essays from inside the Historical Linguistics inside the Memory away from J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you may Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Knowledge regarding Theory and you will Reputation of Linguistic Technology, collection IV. Most recent Activities within the Linguistic Concept sixteen. Area II, 613-49. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
A query to your Formation of the Middle Aramaic Dialects
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Flat Terminology and you may Syllables for the Jewish Eastern The newest Aramaic off Persian Azerbaijan while the Continguous Districts (An issue of Multilingualism). In Training for the Egyptology and you can Linguistics honoring H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society.